DNA methylation dynamics in muscle development and disease

Carrió E, Suelves M. DNA methylation dynamics in muscle development and disease. Front Aging Neurosci. 2015 Mar 5;7:19. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2015.00019.

Abstract

DNA methylation is an essential epigenetic modification for mammalian development and is crucial for the establishment and maintenance of cellular identity. Traditionally, DNA methylation has been considered as a permanent repressive epigenetic mark. However, the application of genome-wide approaches has allowed the analysis of DNA methylation in different genomic contexts revealing a more dynamic regulation than originally thought, since active DNA methylation and demethylation occur during cellular differentiation and tissue specification. Satellite cells are the primary stem cells in adult skeletal muscle and are responsible for postnatal muscle growth, hypertrophy, and muscle regeneration. This review outlines the published data regarding DNA methylation changes along the skeletal muscle program, in both physiological and pathological conditions, to better understand the epigenetic mechanisms that control myogenesis.

PMID:25798107
PMCID:PMC4350440

Free PMC Article

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